A passport and visa are required. Tourists can obtain a renewable thirty-day tourist visa on arrival at an Egyptian airport for a $15 fee, payable in U.S. dollars. Visitors arriving over land and/or those who previously experienced difficulty with their visa status in Egypt should obtain a visa prior to arrival. Travelers arriving from Israel at the Taba border crossing are advised to obtain a visa prior to their arrival, otherwise they are granted either a no-fee, fourteen-day visa valid for travel within Sinai only; alternatively, they may buy a thirty-day tourist visa for $15 upon submission of a travel agency support letter. The letters are obtainable from travel agents at the border; however, their fees for providing this service vary. The Egyptian Embassy in Washington is currently requiring 7-10 working days to process official visa requests, an expedite letter from the Department of State notwithstanding, so it is incumbent upon all travelers to submit their visa requests and passports to the Egyptian Embassy well in advance of travel.
All passengers arriving in Egypt now undergo certain health measures at the Cairo International Airport as a precaution due to the 2009 H1N1 virus. The passengers' passports are examined and they are screened at immigration via infrared cameras. If flu symptoms (high fever, headache, and running nose) are evident in the passenger, they are isolated and transferred to a hospital for observation for at least 48 hours. If test results are negative the passenger is allowed to leave the hospital. If the test results are positive, the passenger will be quarantined until the Ministry of Health determines they no longer pose a health risk.
Please note that non-U.S. passport holders are responsible for obtaining the required documentation applicable for their entry.